Name: Oscar James Lawson

 

Birth Date: October, 1896 Where: Bathurst, New South Wales
Died: 1965 Where: Brisbane, Qld.
Place of Enlistment: Brisbane Age: 18
Serial Number: 364 Battalion: 26th
Rank on Enlistment: Private Rank on Discharge/Death: Lieutenant

Awards: 1914 - 15 Star, British War Medal 1914 - 1920, Victory Medal, Military Cross

 

Photograph Lawson

 Service Details:

 

 

7 April

1915                      Enlisted Brisbane

9 June

1915                      Embarked Australia

10 Sept. – 12 Dec.

1915                      Gallipoli

21 March

1916                      France

6/7 June

1916                      Trench Raid

29 July – 27 Aug.

1916                      Pozieres (Sausage Valley)

4 August

1916                      Pozieres

6 September

1916                      Belgium

October

1916                      Ypres and Dernacourt

3 November

1916                      Battle of Ancres Heights & Fricourt

2 January

1917                      Promoted Sergeant

Febuary

1917                      Warlencourt

March

1917                      Attack on Malt Trench

May

1917                      Battle of Bullecourt (Hindenburg Line)

June

1917                      Bapaume

August

1917                      Cassel

7 September

1917                      #2 Officer Cadet School, Cambridge

2 February

1918                      Appointed 2nd Lieutenant

7 April

1918                      Dernacourt

20 April

1918                      Ville Sur-Ancre

May

1918                      Morlancourt

27 June

1918                      Villers-Bretonneux

8 August

1918                      Battle of Amiens

29 August

1918                      Somme

2 Sept

1918                      Mont St. Quentin

2 Sept

1918                      Awarded Military Cross

3 Sept

1918                      Wounded, Mont St. Quentin

11 November

1918                      Armistice

 9 April

1921mmmmmmmiAppointment terminated

 

Biographical Details:

Oscar James Lawson was born to James and Mary Lawson in Bathurst, NSW in 1896. Although his Birth and Marriage Certificates show his name as Oscar he used the name Osker on his enlistment papers.
A plumber by trade Oscar was only 18 years of age when he enlisted. With the rest of the 26th Battalion Oscar was transferred to Egypt where he completed his training, before serving at Gallipoli.
During the Trench Raid Oscar was with the Covering Party under Lt Phillipps. Subsequently, on 17th September 1916, Corporal Oscar James Lawson,  along with Corporal Ernest George Kerslake and Privates William Phillips and Isaac Mills were all recommended for the Mentioned In Dispatches for their efforts during the Trench Raid. None of these was awarded. The recommendation read:
Good and consistent work in the trenches from April 12 to July 28th 1916, and for good work during a raid on the enemy’s trenches on June 6th 1916.

In August 1916 Oscar received the first of three Gunshot Wounds, while in action at Pozieres.  The second wounding occurred in April 1917 near Ville-Sur-Ancre and the third in September 1918.  The latter was the most serious injury – a fractured skull resulting from a GSW to the forehead. It was for that action at Mont St. Quentin that he was awarded the Military Cross.
'During the attack east of Mont St. Quentin, on 2nd September 1918, he was in charge of a party of 12 men, who advanced for 1,000 yards against heavy opposition until held up by a hostile machine gun. He rushed the post single handed, killing several of the crew and putting the remainder to flight. A few minutes later he repeated the performance on another machine gun post, but was severely wounded. His gallantry and initiative were splendid.'

After being discharged in 1919 Oscar was unable to return to his trade of roof plumber, because of his head injuries. He married Amelia Miers in 1930 with whom he had 6 children. Oscar died 6th October 1965, aged 68, and was buried at the Mt Gravatt ANZAC Cemetery. Oscar is No. 7 in the Black ANZACs’ group photograph.


Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 67, Date: 3 June 1919