Name: Arnold Brown


Birth Date: 22 July, 1894 Where: Sydney, N.S.W.

Died: 6 June, 1960


Bateman's Bay, N.S.W.
Place of Enlistment: Blackboy Hill, Western Australia Age: 20
Serial Number: 221, NX393 Battalion: 28th
Rank on Enlistment: Sergeant Rank on Discharge/Death: Major

Awards: 1914 - 15 Star, British War Medal 1914 - 1920, Victory Medal, Mentioned in Despatches, Military Cross, Distinguished Service Order


Photograph Brown,Arnold
Service Details:



8 March

1915                      Blackboy Hill Training camp

24 April

1915                      Sergeant

9 June

1915                      Embarked from Fremantle


1915                      Embarked Egypt

10 Sept. – 12 Dec.

1915                      Gallipoli

12 February

1916                      Promoted 2nd Lieutenant

21 March

1916                      France

6/7 June

1916                      Trench Raid

30 June

1916                      Appointed Lieutenant

29 July – 27 Aug.

1916                      Pozieres (Sausage Valley)

4 August

1916                      Pozieres

6 September

1916                      Hospital

6 November

1916                      Returned to duty

16 November

1916                      Wounded in action

19 November

1916                      Promoted Captain

25 January

1917                      Rejoined Unit


1917                      Warlencourt

8 February

1917                      Awarded Military Cross


1917                      Attack on Malt Trench

17 Apri

1917                      Promoted T/Major


1917                      Battle of Bullecourt (Hindenburg Line)


1917                      Bapaume

2 July

1917                      Awarded Distinguished Service Order

1 August

1917                      Mentioned in Despatches

4 August

1917                      Major


1917                      Cassel

18 September

1917                      Ypres

28 September

1917                      Wounded in action

2 March

1918                      Rejoined Unit

7 April

1918                      Dernacourt

20 April

1918                      Ville Sur-Ancre


1918                      Morlancourt

27 June

1918                      Villers-Bretonneux

6 July

1918                      Senior Officers School

8 August

1918                      Battle of Amiens

29 August

1918                      Somme

29 Sept

1918                      Rejoined Unit

11 November

1918                      Armistice

5 April

1919                      Returned to Australia

30 July

1919                      Appointment terminated


1939 - 1946            Re-enlisted. See biographical details





Biographical Details:

Arnold Brown was born in Sydney on 22 July 1894, the twelfth child of James and Clara Brown.  After school at Sydney Grammar, Scots College and Bathurst Experimental Farm he sought a career in farming. This took him to Western Australia where he intended to purchase property.
In March 1915, at the age of 20, Arnold enlisted in the newly raised 28th Battalion at Blackboy Hill Training Camp. He was quickly appointed Sergeant and soon after the 28th withdrew from Gallipoli he was made 2nd Lieutenant.
As the Battalion’s Bomb Officer, Arnold led the Right Bombing Party during the Trench Raid. Following the raid he was appointed Lieutenant.
Over the next two and a half years of the war Arnold was wounded twice; the first time in November at Flers when he was shot in the neck while leading a bayonet charge. In September 1917, a week after returning from leave in London, he received gunshot wounds to his legs and an arm. Over 1917 Arnold was appointed Major, decorated three times and wounded.
Arnold was awarded the Military Cross in February, 1917. The recommendation from September 1916 reads:
Battalion Bomb Officer. This officer has taken a prominent part in every raid and attack carried out by this Battalion in FRANCE. His work during the operations in front of POZIERES from July 29th to August 31st 1916 was very fine. He showed great initiative and enterprise in patrolling and consolidating the front line. His reports of the situation were always prompt and intelligent.
In May, 1917 Arnold was recommended for the Distinguished Service Order which was awarded in July:
For conspicuous gallantry in action for the manner in which he organized and led the bombing attack in O.G.1 East of BULLECOURT on the 3rd May 1917, and for the wonderful example he set for to officers and men. He showed sound judgment and great determination in carrying out these attacks and was mainly instrumental in bringing about the success of the three attacks. He showed utter disregard for his personal safety and himself accounted for a number of the enemy with revolver and rifle. His fearless conduct cannot be too highly praised.           This recommendation is supported by men and officers alike.
After being promoted Major Arnold was, on occasions, temporary Commander of the 28th Battalion.  In July 1918 he attended a Senior Officers’ course at Aldershot and was recommended for command of a Battalion.
Arnold returned to Australia in May 1919 and was demobilized in July 1919.  In 1920 he married Freda Thompson with whom he had two daughters and two sons, one of whom was killed during World War 2.  He settled down to farming life in NSW and was active in the RSL and defence organisations.
In 1939 Arnold enlisted in the Citizens Military Force. By March 1941 he was Commanding Officer of the 2/1st Pioneer Battalion.  He served in North Africa and New Guinea and after the war was a member of the War Crimes Tribunal.
During the course of this war Arnold was again Mentioned In Despatches and awarded an Order of the British Empire.
Arnold Brown died in 1960 .
Lt Col Arnold Brown circa 1941
The following is a handwritten list of recommendations for the Military Cross following action at Pozieres in July/August 1916


Of these four recommendations only Brown was awarded the MC. McLean and Read received the Mention in Despatches.  It is interesting that Curran, who was overlooked here, had previously been recommended, and overlooked, for the MM, when he was as a Sergeant. As an officer Curran was twice recommended for the MC. He was only ever awarded a Mention in Despatches.